By Amanpreet Singh New Delhi, Jun 14 (PTI) Basking in the glory of his first Grand Slam title win, Rohan Bopanna says his mixed doubles title triumph at the French Open has strengthened his belief that “one should never give up on dreams”. Bopanna had to wait for 14 years after turning Pro to clinch a Major trophy, the French Open mixed doubles with Gabriela Dabrwoski, and the 37-year-old said it was worth the wait. Its not only the defeats and tough times that teach, certain victories too signal a few things. “Never give up on your dreams. That is something which stands out (in this win),” Bopanna, only the fourth Indian ever to win a Grand Slam, said in an interaction with PTI after meeting Union Sports Minister Vijay Goel. He is a late bloomer, who has contributed in some of Indias most memorable Davis Cup wins in singles, but it does not matter. “Age is only a number. You cant set a timeline (for achievements). As long as you believe in yourself and keep working hard, nothing can stop you. I worked towards my goal, every single day and I am feeling grateful that my team also put in efforts. Although tennis is an individual sport, everyone has contributed in it,” said the winner of 16 ATP titles. Mixed doubles is played only at Grand Slams and even considered a side show. Bopanna refused comment on the perception but asserted that to have singles champions, many things need to change in India. However, nothing can be taken away from Bopannas achievement since he took up a sport which hardly finds support from corporates in the country and is in the limelight most of the time for wrong reasons. When an athlete is recognised only after achieving something at the global stage, such victories are to be savoured and Bopanna is living every moment of it. “To get singles champions we need to have a system in place at the grassroots level. We have a very limited support from the Federation (AITA), or Corporates. We need that system to compete with European standards. We still have a long way to go,” he said. So there shouldnt be complaints about only having doubles champions and not singles? “Its not about complaining. We should look at it in a positive way. Everyone from outside plays a part (in progress of a player), whether it is Federation, parents, coaches. These guys need support from junior level and that is when you create champions.” Bopanna is doing his bit for the sport by bringing in foreign coaches at his academy — UKs Aubrey Barrett and Serbias Dragan Bukumirovic. “I am also bringing a couple of coaches to my academy in Bangalore from outside. They will be here for a year and help these kids. I tell the players if they go outside, go for a year not for a month or so. “In a month it does not really help improve much. Thats why I am bringing these coaches, lets hope the kids make good use of this opportunity, coming this month,” he said. Interestingly, the French Tennis Federation (FFT), which is keen to promote clay court tennis, is also willing to chip in to help Bopanna whose academy has clay courts. “We have been in talks. Unfortunately our schedule was such (during French Open) that we could not sit and discuss much. Nice that they are encouraging tennis in India.” Talking about his meeting with Sports Minister Vijay Goel, he said,”I always keep reading that they are doing so much for sports, so it was good to meet him in person. Its encouraging that they are working on a few things.” “He was happy that I have started my tennis academy in Bangalore. Lets see how the government and the players can come together and help the sport.” Asked if Bopanna will get the Arjuna Award, Goel said, “All deserving players should get it. We will constitute a committee which has set rules. It will decide on that.” PTI AT PM PMadvertisement
Everton key striker Wayne Rooney said he has never struck a football better in his long career than he did when scoring from inside his own half to complete his first club hat-trick against West Ham in the Premier League.The veteran forward netted thrice to hand his side a thumping 4-0 victory over the London club on Wednesday.”I don’t think so. It’s one of, if not, the best goal I’ve scored. I hit it as well as I’ve ever kicked a football.”To make it my first hat-trick for Everton, I’m delighted,” Rooney was quoted as saying by ESPNFC.Rooney struck a sweet drive into the gaping net from 60 yards out after West Ham goalkeeper Joe Hart had cleared the ball away to midfield where it fell to the former Manchester United talisman.Rooney’s last hat-trick in any competition came in a Champions League playoff at Club Brugge in August 2015.”Great hat-trick, great display from Wayne,” caretaker boss David Unsworth told the BBC. “He was captain for a reason…”Wayne has played in midfield before. He feels and sees that might be his role moving forward. Especially when he plays like that.”West Ham boss David Moyes, who previously coached Rooney at United, was not surprised by his performance.”It’s what Wayne can do,” Moyes said.”He’s always got goals in him and technical ability. He’s got the knack of being in the right place to score goals.”
KOBE- JAPAN — Spanish striker David Villa says he will retire from Japanese club Vissel Kobe next year, ending the career of Spain’s top scorer in international play.The 37-year-old Villa, who joined Kobe last December, said he plans to retire after the season ends in January.“It’s better to leave football before football leaves me,” he told a news conference speaking in Spanish. “I’ve been thinking for several years — when you reach 33, 34 or 35 — the moment can arrive at any time in a game, in training, or with an injury.”Villa scored 59 goals in 98 appearances for Spain from 2004-17, including five goals at the 2010 World Cup as his nation won the title for the first time.He scored four goals for Spain en route to the 2008 European Championship title.Before signing with Kobe, Villa played at Valencia, Barcelona and Atletico Madrid before spending four seasons with New York City FC, scoring 80 goals in 124 MLS appearances.“It’s a decision I’ve thought about a lot,” he said. “I spoke about this with the people who care about me, with my family, and the people who have been with me for my whole career.”Villa repeated several times that it was not a knee-jerk reaction. He scored 12 goals this season for Kobe, a decent scoring output for a struggling club. But he said he knew the retirement time was near.He was asked about the quality of play in Japan and was laudatory.“I was surprised at the level of play in the J-League,” he said. “Not only in terms of the veteran players here, but the young players here that have enormous potential. It’s not that I was expecting less. I was expecting a top league, but it surpassed by expectations.”Villa has also mentioned his interest being an investor in a new club based in the New York area — Queensboro FC, which will play in the second tier of American soccer.“Queens always showed love to me and my family while we were in New York,” he wrote on Twitter. He said it was “a dream to build” a new professional team.TweetPinShare0 Shares
Mexican Sergio Perez saw a bright future for Force India after the Formula One team finally confirmed on Thursday that he would continue racing for them in 2019.”I definitely want to be part of this next generation of the team,” he told reporters at the U.S. Grand Prix. “We have very promising times ahead of us.”Force India have yet to name their other driver but there is no doubt it will be Canadian Lance Stroll, whose billionaire father Lawrence heads a consortium that now controls the Silverstone-based outfit.Perez, whose extension effectively means current team mate Esteban Ocon will not be part of the racing lineup next year, said Stroll senior was up to speed and taking a hands-on approach.Blind crest. Blind apex. Turn 1, ladies and gents. #USGP pic.twitter.com/H1TNaqev33Racing Point Force India F1 (@ForceIndiaF1) October 18, 2018″He’s very motivated with his new project,” he said.Perez, 28, played a major role in events leading to the takeover of the team in August and has said for some time that he knew where he would be racing next year. He declined to give details about the contract or when he had signed it.Force India, previously co-owned by financially-troubled Indian magnate Vijay Mallya, went into administration at the end of July after Perez made a claim for $4.01 million that was owed to him.The action was supported by engine provider Mercedes and team sponsor BWT which were also owed significant sums.The team, now known as Racing Point Force India to distinguish them from predecessors Sahara Force India who finished fourth overall for the last two years but are now seventh, are expected to change name next year.advertisementOne last interview to bring this rainy Thursday to an end, @SChecoPerez! #USGP pic.twitter.com/Uq2dDv0vnCRacing Point Force India F1 (@ForceIndiaF1) October 18, 2018SOLE MEXICANPerez, who joined Force India in 2014 after a difficult year with McLaren following two seasons with Sauber, has had five podium finishes with the team including third in Azerbaijan last April.The sport’s sole Mexican driver, the best of the rest this season outside the top three teams, has also brought significant sponsorship.McLaren have meanwhile not had a top three finish since the opening race of 2014.”I’ve been here five years and I know the potential,” said Perez. “Everyone here has been very loyal as well. We went into a big uncertainty with our futures and everyone stuck together. It’s great to see the outcome for the team.”I’m optimistic that already next year we should be making a good step forwards… now that we are going to have more resources in place, we should have the right guidance and be really strong.”Force India team principal Otmar Szafnauer said Perez had established himself as “one of the most talented and consistent drivers on the Formula One grid” and would provide valuable stability.Ocon’s only remaining chance of racing in Formula One next season now rests with Mercedes-powered Williams, Stroll’s current employers who have so far confirmed only Britain’s Formula Two leader George Russell.Like Russell, Ocon also has a long-term Mercedes contract and is a talent the reigning champions are nurturing for the future.
Five days after stunning hosts England to revive their ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 campaign, Sri Lanka came up with an insipid performance against South Africa at the Riverside Ground in Chester-le-Street on Friday. The Proteas, who are already out of the semi-final race, have dented the Islander’s last-four chances with a 9-wicket win.South Africa picked up only their 2nd win of the tournament and ended a two-match losing streak with a dominant performance that has come a bit too late for them in this World Cup 2019 campaign. Sri Lanka now have 6 points from 7 matches and are sitting 7th on the 10-team points table.Sri Lanka now need to not only win their next 2 matches (West Indies on July 1 and India on July 6) but hope England lose both their remaining matches and Pakistan and Bangladesh lose at least one of their next 2 to make the semi-final.South Africa win!An unbeaten partnership of 175 between Hashim Amla and Faf du Plessis sees South Africa to a comfortable nine-wicket win.#SLvSA | #CWC19 | #ProteaFire pic.twitter.com/4SKGMPT0fVCricket World Cup (@cricketworldcup) June 28, 2019Sri Lanka were completely outclassed by South Africa, who won the toss and sent the Islanders in. Sri Lanka suffered a major blow as early as the first ball of the match as a Kagiso Rabada bouncer sent captain Dimuth Karunaratne walking back for 0.However, Avishka Fernando, who looked full of class against England, and Kusal Perera took the attack to the South Africa pacers to keep the scoreboard moving in the first 10 overs.advertisementSouth Africa though struck back when Fernando threw his wicket away by chipping it straight to the mid-off fielder to hand Dwaine Pretorius his first wicket. The South Africa speedster helped South Africa get back into the game as he removed Kusal Perera on 30 minutes after sending Fernando back.Sri Lanka went on a free-fall after losing their two set batsmen. Angelo Matthews, who had hit a match-winning 85 against England fell to Chris Morris.Dhananjaya de Silva (24), Thisara Perera (21) and Jeevan Mendis all got starts but they weren’t able to convert it into big knocks. South Africa pacers were relentless as they made sure Sri Lanka were restricted to 203 on a good batting track.Dwaine Pretorius and Chris Morris shone with 3 wickets apiece while Kagiso Rabada picked up 2 wickets.Amla, du Plessis add 175 for the 2nd wicketIn reply, South Africa lost opener Quinton de Kock early when a Lasith Malinga yorker crashed into the stumps. However, Faf du Plessis and Hashim Amla made sure there were no more hiccups with a dominant batting display.Faf du Plessis accelerated after getting to his 2nd fifty of World Cup 2019 and batted with the freedom that was missing in his knocks when South Africa were struggling to perform with the bat in their previous matches. Amla, who is in the twilight of his career, gave a solid support to his captain as the duo added a match-winning stand of 175 runs.Buoyed by the win, South Africa will be hoping to sign off their World Cup 2019 campaign on a high when they take on their arch-rivals Australia on July 6.Also Read | World Cup 2019: Swarm of bees invades pitch during SL vs SA matchAlso Read | World Cup 2019: This is India’s orange jersey for match vs EnglandAlso See:
Press Trust of India Greater NoidaJanuary 30, 2019UPDATED: January 30, 2019 22:20 IST Haryana Hammers and Delhi Sultans wrestlers in action (PWL Photo)HIGHLIGHTSHaryana Hammers beat Delhi Sultans 6-3 in the semi-finals of the Pro Wrestling LeagueRajneesh, Kiran, Anastasia Nichita starred for Haryana HammersHaryana Hammers will take on Punjab Royals in the PWL final on ThursdayIn a repeat of last season, Haryana Hammers will take on Punjab Royals in the Pro Wrestling League (PWL) final following their 6-3 win over Delhi Sultans in Greater Noida on Wednesday.Local boy Rajneesh clinched the men’s 65kg category bout against Andrey Kviatkovski of Ukraine 9-3 to give the last year’s finalists an unbeatable 5-2 lead over Delhi Sultans with two bouts remaining.Rajneesh hit the final nail in Delhi’s coffin after Ravi Kumar, Kiran, Anastasia Nichita and Aleksander Khotsianivski won four off the six bouts played.Ali Shabanov added one more win in Haryana’s kitty when he got the better of Sanjeet Kundu 5-0 in the men’s 86kg category after Sakshi Malik pulled one back for the Delhi Sultans beating Tatyana Omelchenko 6-2 in women’s 62kg category.Earlier, World U23 Championships silver medallist Ravi Kumar put the Haryana Hammers ahead winning the men’s 57kg bout against Pankaj 7-1 which included a beautiful four-point takedown in the first round.The 2018 CWG bronze medallist Kiran, showing tactical superiority, made it 2-0 in Haryana’s favour defeating the 2018 European U23 champion Anastasia Shustova of Ukraine 6-1 in the women’s 76kg category.The Russian national champion Khetik Tsabolov made it 1-2 for Delhi Sultans defeating Haryana Hammers’ 2017 Commonwealth Championships silver medallist Praveen Rana 9-0 in the men’s 74kg category.The world junior champion Anastasia Nichita of Moldova gave Haryana Hammers a healthy 3-1 lead, getting the better of Delhi Sultans’ Katherina Zhydachivska 11-2 in what turned out to be a one-sided encounter in the women’s 57kg category.advertisementAleksander Khotsianivski took the Hammers one more step closer to winning the tie by clinching the men’s 125kg superheavyweight bout against Satender Malik of Delhi on technical superiority. Aleksander won the bout 16-0 in 51 seconds.National champion Pinki of Delhi delayed the inevitable by winning the women’s 53kg bout against Haryana’s 2017 Commonwealth Championships gold medallist Seema 3-1.For sports news, updates, live scores and cricket fixtures, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for Sports news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byJepher Nickels Tags :Follow Pro Wrestling LeagueFollow Haryana HammersFollow Delhi SultansFollow Punjab Royals Next PWL: Haryana Hammers beat Delhi Sultans to set up final vs Punjab RoyalsPWL: Haryana Hammers will take on Punjab Royals in the Pro Wrestling League (PWL) final following their 6-3 win over Delhi Sultans.advertisement
Naughty by Nature helped celebrate the 15th-Annual Art for Life benefit with a crowd of 750 supporters last night at Fairview Farms in Watermill, NY.Russell Simmons And FamilyCredit/Copyright: Getty ImagesRussell Simmons and Danny Simmons hosted the event in support of the Rush Philanthropic Arts Foundation, an organization they co-founded with their brother Joseph “Rev Run” Simmons.Soledad O’Brien emceed the event that honored Michael R. Bloomberg, Kimora Lee Simmons, Valentino D. Carlotti, Jason Flom and Rush Featured Artist Carrie Mae Weems.During the program, Russell Simmons announced that Kimora Lee Simmons has started a generous scholarship of $1 million dollars for Rush teens. Her children – Ming Lee Simmons, Aoki Lee Simmons and Kenzo Lee Hounsou – accepted the honor on their mother’s behalf and welcomed the inaugural class of scholarship recipients.Doug E. Fresh and Kurtis Blow also performed. Additional guests included Gayle King, Rick Ross, Nicky Hilton, Angela Simmons, JoJo Simmons, Kim Porter, Jonathan Cheban, Bevy Smith, Star Jones, Miss Universe Gabriela Isler, Miss USA Nia Sanchez and model Vita Sidorkina.Art for Life is the Rush Philanthropic Arts Foundation’s primary fundraising event each year. The organization was founded by the Simmons brothers in 1995 and is dedicated to providing inner-city youth with significant exposure and access to the arts, as well as providing exhibition opportunities to under-represented and emerging artists.
Tickets go on sale Friday. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Drake leads the nominations for the 2017 iHeartRadio Music Awards with 12, including male artist of the year, while electronic duo The Chainsmokers has 11 nominations, including song of the year for “Closer” with Halsey. This year’s show has been expanded to more than 30 categories. Other multiple nominees include twenty one pilots, Rihanna, Justin Bieber, Ariana Grande, Beyonce, Daya, Halsey, Nicky Jam and Sia. Advertisement iHeartMedia and Turner announced the nominees Wednesday. It was also announced that Bruno Mars will perform at the fourth annual awards show, to be held March 5 in Los Angeles and televised on TBS, TNT and truTV, as well as simulcast on iHeartMedia stations. Facebook Advertisement Advertisement Twitter
Rabat – King Mohammed VI inaugurated, Wednesday in Rabat, the new headquarters of the Constitutional Council which, in accordance with Article 177 of the 2011 constitution, will continue to exercise its powers until the setting up of the Constitutional Court.Reflecting the strong commitment of Morocco to promote the rule of law, the Constitutional Court decides, under Article 132 of the Constitution on the regularity of the election of members of Parliament and of referendums. Similarly, the organic laws before their promulgation and the regulations of the House of Representatives and the House of Advisers, before their implementation, shall be submitted to the Constitutional Court to rule on their conformity with the Constitution.For the same purpose, international laws and commitments may be referred to the Constitutional Court before their enactment or ratification by the Sovereign, the head of government, the speaker of the House of Representatives, the speaker of the House of Advisers, or by the fifth of the members of the House of Representatives or forty members of the House of Advisers. The Constitutional Court can also hear an objection of unconstitutionality raised during a trial, when one of the parties claim that the law on which the case outcome depends, infringes the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.The decisions of the Constitutional Court are not subject to appeal. They are binding on public authorities and on all administrative and judicial authorities.Under Article 130 of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court is composed of twelve members appointed for a term of nine years. Six members are appointed by the King, one member is proposed by the secretary general of the Higher Council of Ulema, and six members are elected by the House of Representatives and the House of Advisers (3 members each) from the list of candidates nominated by the Bureau of the House. The President of the Constitutional Court is appointed by the King, among the members of the Court.On the occasion of the inauguration of the new headquarters of the Constitutional Council, the Council’s president, Mohamed Achargui presented to the Sovereign a book in Arabic entitled “Glossary of constitutional terms.”
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email WASHINGTON – The Federal Reserve says its low interest-rate policies are still needed to invigorate a subpar U.S. economy.In a statement Wednesday after a policy meeting, the Fed said it would keep buying $85 billion a month in bonds to keep long-term rates low and encourage borrowing and spending.Yet the Fed seemed to signal that it thinks the economy is improving despite some recent weak data and uncertainties caused by the partial government shutdown.The Fed no longer expresses concern, as it did in September, that higher mortgage rates could hold back hiring and economic growth. And its statement makes no reference to the 16-day shutdown, which economists say has slowed growth this quarter.Some analysts said this suggests that the Fed might be prepared to slow its bond purchases by early next year — sooner than some have assumed.“The tone was probably more positive on the outlook than most people expected,” said Jim O’Sullivan, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics.Paul Ashworth, an economist at Capital Economics, said he was struck by the absence of any reference to the shutdown. He called the statement “remarkable for what it omits rather than includes.”Ashworth said that if the Fed isn’t worried about the economic impact of the shutdown, it might be ready to reduce its stimulus as early as December. He still thinks a pullback is most likely early next year. But Ashworth said the Fed’s statement suggests that its timing may have shifted.Some economists noted that Congress’ budget fight has clouded the Fed’s timetable for tapering its bond purchases. Though the government reopened Oct. 17 and a threatened default on its debt was averted, Congress passed only temporary fixes. More deadlines and possible disruptions lie ahead.Without a budget deal by Jan. 15, another shutdown is possible. Congress must also raise the government’s debt ceiling after Feb. 7. If not, a market-rattling default will remain a threat.If the government manages to avert another shutdown in mid-January, Dana Saporta, an economist at Credit Suisse, said, “We could see a taper as soon as the Jan. 29th meeting.”But she added that a continued budget impasse would likely delay any pullback in the Fed’s bond purchases until March or later.Investors seemed to conclude that the Fed might be ready to reduce its stimulus earlier than expected. The Dow Jones industrial average, which had been down 29 points before the Fed issued its statement, closed down 61 points.And the yield on the 10-year Treasury note, a benchmark for rates on mortgages and other loans, rose from 2.49 per cent to 2.54 per cent in late-afternoon trading. That suggested that investors think long-term rates may rise because of less bond buying by the Fed.At the same time, the Fed noted again in its statement that budget policies in Washington have restrained economic growth.And it will stick to its low-rate policy: It reiterated that it plans to hold its key short-term rate at a record low near zero at least as long as the unemployment rate stays above 6.5 per cent and the inflation outlook remains mild.The Fed’s policy decision was approved on a 9-1 vote. Esther George, president of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank, dissented, as she has at each of the seven meetings this year. She repeated her concerns that the Fed’s bond purchases could fuel high inflation and financial instability.At its previous meeting in September, the Fed surprised investors and economists when it chose not to reduce its bond buying. Since then, the partial shutdown shaved an estimated $25 billion from economic growth this quarter. And a batch of tepid economic data point to a still-subpar economy.Employers added just 148,000 jobs in September, a steep slowdown from August. And temporary layoffs during the shutdown are expected to depress October’s job gain.Since the September meeting, mortgage rates have fallen roughly half a percentage point and remain near historically low levels. Over the summer, rates had jumped to two-year highs on speculation that the Fed might reduce the pace of its bond purchases before the end of this year.The Fed has one more policy meeting this year in December. The subsequent meeting in January will be the last for Chairman Ben Bernanke, who is stepping down after eight years. President Barack Obama has chosen Vice Chair Janet Yellen to succeed Bernanke.Assuming that Yellen is confirmed by the Senate, her first meeting as chairman will be in March. Many economists think no major policy changes will occur before a new chairman takes over.___AP Economics Writer Christopher S. Rugaber contributed to this report.___Follow Chris Rugaber on Twitter at http://Twitter.com/ChrisRugaber . Fed leaves low interest-rate policies unchanged but drops some concerns about economy by Martin Crutsinger, The Associated Press Posted Oct 30, 2013 12:12 pm MDT
It has been two weeks since the Ohio State field hockey team last lost a game.At the start of the season, against superior competition, the Buckeyes struggled, dropping three games to higher-ranked teams.While OSU was ranked No. 18 in the nation, it suffered defeat three times in four games, to No. 12 James Madison, No. 3 Syracuse and No. 7 Princeton. Each loss was by a single point, with the latter two concluding in overtime. Suffice to say, the Bucks have fought through their rough patch.Since the 1-3 start, the No. 20 Buckeyes have rolled off five consecutive victories, by a combined score of 17-2. During the stretch, senior Lindsay Quintiliani has been a force at goalie. She has been named Big Ten defensive player of the week for two straight weeks.Quintiliani allowed just two goals in 210 minutes of play last week. She has posted three consecutive shutouts, blanking Vermont, Central Michigan and Ball State.Quintiliani has started every game but one since arriving at OSU as a freshman in 2006.Freshman forward Berta Queralt was awarded Big Ten offensive player of the week honors after compiling four goals and an assist during OSU’s winning streak.Now at 6-3, the second-best record in the Big Ten, the Buckeyes welcome No. 17 Indiana (5-2) to Columbus on Sunday to kick off the conference schedule.Both teams are looking up at Northwestern (8-2) in the Big Ten standings. The Wildcats finished the 2008 season in last place.Sunday’s contest between Ohio State and Indiana is at the North Turf Field at 1 p.m.
One in five of 2,000 adults polled for the research said supermarkets caused them to go off track when they were trying to lose weight. And parents whose children had pestered them for snacks in supermarkets said nine in 10 requests were for unhealthy foods. The report, called Health On The Shelf, calls on supermarkets to to include more shelf space for healthier products, recipe cards and cooking demonstrations on how to use ingredients to create healthy meals, and business rate reductions for retailers who adopt the moves.RSPH chief executive Shirley Cramer said: “The environment in which we live is a major contributor towards obesity, and supermarkets have both the power and influence as well as a responsibility in tackling their contribution to this ‘obesogenic’ environment.”There has been some progress by supermarkets in areas such as removing junk from checkouts, but our research shows that shoppers and industry experts feel there is much more supermarkets can and should do to promote healthier choices – reducing the shelf allocation for unhealthy products, providing clearer labelling and signage, and even changing the shopper experience.”Last year, ministers proposed a ban on selling sweets at supermarket checkouts, and on “buy one, get one free” deals on unhealthy fare, but action has yet to be taken. Researchers said the audit focussed on local mini-supermarkets because use of them has increased in recent years, with 43 per cent of shoppers using them, up from 35 per cent in 2012. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Before becoming prime minister, Boris Johnson vowed to end the “continuing creep of the nanny state,” starting with a review of so-called “sin taxes” on sugary, salty and fatty foods. Supermarket layouts are designed to make us fat, research suggests. A study by the Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) found that sweets, crisps and other unhealthy foods were placed far more prominently than other fare, making it harder for shoppers to resist.The research found that nine in ten products on display at eye level were unhealthy.And seven in ten of all food and drink products on display were those which contribute significantly to children’s sugar and calorie intake, the analysis found.The research, much of which focused on small supermarkets and corner shops, came as a survey of 2,000 shoppers found one in three had “impulse bought” unhealthy snacks because they were on offer. The RSPH called on food shops to redesign their layout to help Britain tackle its obesity crisis.Britain has the worst obesity rates in Western Europe, with two in three adults overweight or obese. The new research carried out with Slimming World, urges supermarkets to start offering reward points to shoppers who make healthy choices.
← Previous Story IT’S A BRONZE: Norway celebrate sixth Olympic medal! Next Story → VIDEO: 3,2,1, gold! Olympic championsrussia Russia are new women’s Olympic champions! The Russian girls beat France 22:19 (10:7) in the big final clash at Future Arena in Rio! The historical success was the only title which didn’t have charismatic Russian coach Evgeny Trefilov in his collection.The girl of the big final was Anna Vyakhireva who netted six goals in the winning team, two most important in the latest part of the match.France only had advantage after first goal on the match (1:0), afterwards Pineau balanced result on 14:14, but Russians didn’t let turnover…Russia had only silver from Beijing 2008.
Consoles de jeu : passeront-elles bientôt de votre salon à votre poche ?États-Unis – La course à la meilleure console de jeu pourrait pousser les constructeurs à utiliser les atouts des diverses technologies existantes pour créer des machines convertibles, passant d’un mode “console de salon” à un mode portable. Où s’arrêteront les constructeurs de consoles et de jeux vidéo ? Après l’élaboration d’appareils comme la XBox 360 ou la Playsation 3, accompagnés de technologies semblables à celle de la Kinect, le sans fil pourrait poursuivre son chemin et Nintendo, Sony ou encore Microsoft, proposer des consoles de même puissance au format portable. À lire aussiAbeille, Mark Zuckerberg et cancer, les 8 actus sciences que vous devez connaître ce 13 avrilMark Rein, PDG d’Epic Games, imagine bien ce futur où la console serait peut-être plus qu’une console : “Vous vous rendez au bar avec quelques amis, vous posez votre appareil et jouez à des jeux comme Dance Central ou Kinect Adventures où vous voulez. Et puis quand vous rentrez à la maison, ce même appareil va utiliser des technologies comme AirPlay ou du HDMI sans fil pour se connecter à votre écran de télé (afin de devenir une console de salon, NDLR)”. La console de jeu est-elle prête à devenir convertible et multi-fonctions ?Le 6 octobre 2010 à 13:37 • Emmanuel Perrin
Stay on target HBO Max Scores Exclusive ‘Doctor Who’ Streaming RightsJo Tro Do Plo Plo No: ‘Doctor Who’ Welcomes Back Familiar Monster From survivor’s guilt to the action girl, Doctor Who’s cup runneth over with repetitive motifs.Each week, I’ll tackle another trope, examining its use, effectiveness, and relevance to the long-running BBC show. Here’s a gentle reminder that sometimes, nobody dies.EVERYBODY LIVESMeaning: Sometimes you can have a happy endingUsage in Doctor Who: Sometimes the Doctor can save everyoneBBC“Everybody lives, Rose! Just this once, everybody lives!”The Ninth Doctor, not much of a smiler or dancer, giddily two-steps to Glenn Miller after reviving a bunch of gas-masked zombies and disposing of a German bomb.It’s not often that Doctor Who, perhaps second only to Joss Whedon in terms of fictional body counts, sees the safe passage of everyone through one episode.So it’s no surprise the Time Lord celebrates his big moment in “The Doctor Dances” with jubilation.Part two of the season one doubler, written by Steven Moffat, marks a rare moment of public triumph for the titular character, who tends to walk around with a perpetual feather in his cap.The Doctor isn’t the only one satisfied by saving the day.Look closely at Moffat’s second two-parter, “Silence in the Library”/”Forest of the Dead”: Yes, everyone dies at the shadowy hands of the Vashta Nerada. But everyone—even Donna’s simulated children—turns out to be living in a virtual world in the library’s computer.“Some days are so, so blessed. Some days, nobody dies at all,” River Song muses. “Now and then, every once in a very long while, every day in a million days, when the wind stands fair and the Doctor comes to call: everybody lives.”A handful of other revival episodes—”Fear Her” (no Monster of the Week), “Night Terrors,” “Hide” (even the ghost lives), “In the Forest of the Night” (nature to the rescue)—follow the same trope.But some others, like Moffat’s “The Big Bang,” turn the notion on its head, resurrecting all those who were previously erased from existence, including Amy’s parents, Rory, and the Doctor.The “Everybody Lives” concept allows Doctor Who to give viewers the happy ending we need sometimes, without drowning us in ecstasy every week. Besides, there’s something satisfying about those God-like moments; an occasional reminder that you’re watching an alien pilot a bigger-on-the-inside box through space and time.Stream all of Doctor Who now for free with your Amazon Prime membership.
Real There You Guys: Ready Player One and Nostalgia as Generational PoisonReal Good You Guys: ThinkGeek’s Bags of Holding (Fast Travel and M… If you’re into anime, there’s a relatively new series with “Academia” in the title that’s gotten pretty big recently. I’m not talking about that one (though Boku no Hero Academia/My Hero Academia/Macadamia is itself pretty great, or at least as great as any shonen anime can be). There’s another great, recent anime with “Academia” in its name that deserves your attention, and hasn’t gotten nearly the groundswell of Green Naruto.Little Witch Academia is a 26-episode anime series about a girl named Akko who goes to a school for witches. The premise sounds so light and fluffy that you could immediately write it off as generic bubblegum anime, but you shouldn’t for two reasons. Reason one: It’s produced by Studio Trigger. Reason two: You don’t need a second reason, it’s produced by Studio Trigger.Studio Trigger is the Platinum Games of anime. They usually don’t have massive successes, but everything they put out is bombastic, insane, and incredibly entertaining. This is the studio that did Kill la Kill, and it’s led by Hiroyuki Imaishi, the Gainax vet who directed Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann (and made the key animation for episode 5 of FLCL, which was the best action sequence of the entire series).Trigger’s style combines clean lines and relatively simple character designs with absurdly energetic animation. Think Gainax’s pastiche, but toning down fanservice jiggle physics and replacing it with Chuck Jones-style cartoon mayhem. Trigger specializes in over-the-top action and comedy, which is unsurprising when you consider it was founded by animators who made a series about a galaxies-high drill mecha powered entirely by how badass you feel.Which brings us to Little Witch Academia. Yes, it sounds like any Harry Potter rip-off (or The Worst Witch rip-off, if you prefer). Aspiring girl who doesn’t understand magic enrolls in a school for witches. Seems obvious. And thematically it doesn’t really throw a ton of curveballs, though it does play with the premise enough to make it feel interesting. Instead of magic being a half-open secret, it’s simply a part of the world that’s fallen out of fashion. Societies used to rely on witches for protection and prosperity, but technology can get the job done and anyone can use it. So instead of a mysterious force the rest of the world doesn’t know about, magic in Little Witch Academia is seen more as a quaint curiosity, like calligraphy or dial-up.Magic is a slowly fading art and Lunar Nova Academy is languishing because of it. This doesn’t dissuade Akko, however, whose boundless enthusiasm and nearly flat personal learning curve make her a magic fangirl no matter what society tells her. And since she’s in a school full of aspiring witches who ultimately have their own goals outside of magic for magic’s sake, and who are smart enough to recognize that it’s a fading art, she stands out as a weirdo. Basically, imagine if Mako from Kill la Kill was the main character of her own anime, which is set at a ladies’ Hogwarts.This could get horribly cloying, but thanks to Studio Trigger’s aesthetic philosophy of hot bloodedness and passion above all things, loads of slapstick humor, and an excellent performance by Erica Mendez (Ryuko in Kill la Kill) in the dub, it never grates. While Akko endlessly cheers on magic because she wants to make people happy with it, she falls flat on her face constantly, and no one around her fails to hesitate to rain on her parade with the actual problems faced by the magic community. Yes, Akko’s bubbly as hell and it’s initially off-putting and annoying, but the performance and execution of that bubbliness makes her grow on you as a character as surely as the grows on the people around her (who also think she’s an absurdly perky weirdo who doesn’t fit there).So, you have an aspiring witch who has a boundless love for magic but isn’t very good at it, constantly running into walls only to get up again and break through them. This is where the real magic of the series comes into play. It’s the magic of Studio Trigger. Forget the tepid joke of “Character says something weird, beat, all the characters around them fall in one frame of animation with a cymbal crash.” That’s basic. That’s obvious. That isn’t Trigger.Yes, this is a Silent Hill 2 reference.How about Akko not being able to fly a broom, so she steals a super-fast legendary broom that sends her flying through time zones at super speed? How about a mushroom harvesting experiment gone awry that sends her into the mind of her roommate while their room gets filled with springy fungus? How about Akko’s other roommate (again, an actual witch) being an obsessive fangirl for a Twilight-analog book series and getting cursed by the pen that writes it? And then there’s Constanze, the generally mute super-genius girl who builds robots in her secret lair under her dorm room (which is accessible through an impossibly long and fast chute directly under her bed). Incidentally, for standard anime fan clarification, Constanze is the series’ Best Girl while mushroom fetishist and serial poisoner Sucy is a close second.Everyday gags are consistently fun, with spot-on execution in both animation and voice acting in the dub. It’s a really strong presentation, and I don’t just mean that in the context of having watched Neo Yokio right after it. But the really good parts are where Trigger lets loose. Because they let loose hard.One episode has a mecha fight. The entire sequence is the show screaming “Hey, remember we did Gurren Lagann and think about how sick it was! Just because this is teenage witch funsies doesn’t mean we can’t still do that!” And the finale of the series is a shmup stage. I’m completely serious, and I won’t explain more than that. When it happens, you’ll know.For all the bombast and energy it has, Little Witch Academia is actually one of Studio Trigger’s most emotionally and narratively grounded series. And yes, I’m saying that in all honesty after mentioning a mecha fight in the last paragraph. The character interactions are natural and often heartwarming, with few of the completely insane, hot-blooded lunatics you might expect after seeing Kill la Kill and Gurren Lagann. Akko’s absurdly cheery, but every other character largely has their own thing going on, and their reactions and interactions feel downright human. Which makes the Trigger-style action and comedy sequences stand out, even more, when they kick into gear.Little Witch Academia isn’t an epic action anime series or a screwball comedy (and if you want the latter, Trigger’s short-form series like Space Patrol Luluco are right up your alley). But it takes a satisfying dollop of elements from both of those styles and puts them in a simple, funny, and thoroughly enjoyable series. The excellent dub is on Netflix, and it’s an easily consumable 26 episodes. Check it out if you like fun, oddball animation.It’s real good you guys.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target
Community leaders like Michael Middleton of the South Baltimore Six Coalition (SB6) proclaim Alicia Wilson is the “glue” responsible for bringing and keeping community residents at the table during the long and arduous Port Covington negotiations that recently yielded an unprecedented agreement with more than 200 community organizations. Ultimately, this community agreement –crafted and negotiated in large part by Sagamore Development’s Wilson, resulted in the city’s decision to award the company a $600 million TIF for the Port Covington Project – the largest TIF awarded by the city of Baltimore and one of the largest TIF deals nation-wide.Alicia Wilson, Sagamore Development’s vice president for community affairs, played a crucial role in the Port Covington deal. (Courtesy photo)The community agreement also brings millions of dollars of economic, housing, community infrastructure and small business benefits to residents from low and moderate wealth communities across the city; in the SB-6 communities, defined as Brooklyn, Cherry Hill, Curtis Bay, Lakeland, Mt. Winans and Westport, and in uptown in neighborhoods like the East Baltimore neighborhood where Alicia Wilson was born and bred miles from the Port Covington development.Remembering Her Roots Wilson, currently Sagamore Development’s vice president for community affairs and legal advisor, is the baby sister of two older brothers raised in a humble but close-knit East Baltimore community. Wilson never forgets the thousands in her city who have not yet nor have they ever, experienced the upside of America’s economic recovery.Today, in the first stages of walking out recently signed Port Covington agreements with the SB-6 community and for struggling and aspiring Baltimoreans across the city, Wilson carries with her a commitment to “make good” on Sagamore Development’s promise to ensure the Port Covington Project benefits the entire city of Baltimore.Wilson finds value in the truth that even with the affirmation of the SB-6 communities and city-wide groups like Baltimoreans United in Leadership Development (BUILD), there are still legitimate community voices that disagree with the Port Covington Project.“It’s healthy to have a diversity of opinions. It’s healthy to have criticism. It makes me think about things from a different angle. I welcome people to have honest and frank respectful disagreement so we can see if there is common ground”, Wilson told the AFRO.Living the Intersection Wilson has always understood the need to facilitate bring together seemingly disparate concepts – like excellence and equity; community good and corporate growth. Wilson in fact, embodies those intersections and comfortably moves back and forth between communities and sub-groups. Her mentors say, Alicia has always been the glue between diverse concepts and people.At her older brother’s graduation from Baltimore’s Mergenthaler Vocational-Technical High School, Wilson said she was mesmerized while observing a young woman eloquently addressing her classmates.“I thought that was a pretty cool thing to see this student standing before the whole graduating class, parents, teachers and everybody,” Wilson said.She later discovered that the student was the school’s valedictorian. “I didn’t even know what a valedictorian was, but I decided that day that I wanted to be one and address my classmates at graduation, too,” Wilson said.Indeed, in her graduating year, Wilson led her classmates academically, addressed them as school valedictorian and began a trajectory of walking in and bringing together diverse worlds. Wilson has always maintained close community ties and traditions and brings an authentic self-to her corporate surroundings. She often greets co-workers and first time encounters with a hug, and remains connected to community concerns that reflect her East Baltimore upbringing.Wilson serves on the Executive Board of the Collee Bound Foundation, an organization committed to supporting low-wealth Baltimore City high school students achieve their dreams of attending and graduating from college. She remembers high school instructors and mentors pulling her aside and placing her on Mervo’s college track.Wilson understands the value of the full scholarship to UMBC that made her own college education possible – and facilitated her connection with lifelong mentors, UMBC President Freeman Hrabrowski and his wife, Jackie.“In fact, from my first-time meeting with her as a freshman at UMBC, I knew she was destined for greatness. Since that first day, I have found her to be consistently excellent in every endeavor — from her academic work, to the legal profession, to community involvement. She has the rare combination of strong analytical skills and rare emotional intelligence,” Hrabowski said. “I wholeheartedly agree,” Jackie affirmed.As a young attorney at Gordon Feinblatt LLC, Wilson said she learned much from observing the firm’s involvement in other inner Harbor development work. “ I learned the negotiating skills needed to facilitate development but to do so in a way that brings benefit to the community,” Wilson said.Barry Rosen, Chairman and CEO of Gorden Feinblatt, concurs that Wilson has the rare gift of being able to find commonality with people from all walks of life.“ Alicia authentically connects with everyone she meets. In fact, a two or three block stroll anywhere in the City with Alicia takes an hour or two, because she knows everyone, and everyone she meets greets Alicia with genuine warmth and affection,” Rosen said in a statement to the AFRO. Time Now To “Walk the Talk” Wilson understands that for the Port Covington Project to be a win-win for the entire city of Baltimore she and her colleagues at Sagamore Development must demonstrate to the community that they can follow through with their promises.“Baltimore has been through a lot in these past few years with the unrest and all that has followed. There are people in this city who are understandably wary about the project,” Wilson said. “It’s going to take time. Now is the time that we must come through on our promises to the community,” she said.
More information: Jacob N. Oppenheim and Marcelo O. Magnasco. “Human Time-Frequency Acuity Beats the Fourier Uncertainty Principle.” PRL 110, 044301 (2013). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.044301 Play A Gaussian note, characterized by a rise and fall that follows a bell curve shape PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen (Phys.org)—For the first time, physicists have found that humans can discriminate a sound’s frequency (related to a note’s pitch) and timing (whether a note comes before or after another note) more than 10 times better than the limit imposed by the Fourier uncertainty principle. Not surprisingly, some of the subjects with the best listening precision were musicians, but even non-musicians could exceed the uncertainty limit. The results rule out the majority of auditory processing brain algorithms that have been proposed, since only a few models can match this impressive human performance. Journal information: Physical Review Letters But as it turns out, the subjects could discriminate both types of sounds with equally impressive performance. While some subjects excelled at discriminating frequency, most did much better at discriminating timing. The top score, achieved by a professional musician, violated the uncertainty principle by a factor of about 13, due to equally high precision in frequency acuity and timing acuity. The score with the top timing acuity (3 milliseconds) was achieved by an electronic musician who works in precision sound editing. The researchers tested the subjects with two different types of sounds: Gaussian, characterized by a rise and fall that follows a bell curve shape; and note-like, characterized by a rapid rise and a slow exponential decay. According to the uncertainty principle, note-like sounds are more difficult to measure with high precision than Gaussian sounds. The researchers, Jacob Oppenheim and Marcelo Magnasco at Rockefeller University in New York, have published their study on the first direct test of the Fourier uncertainty principle in human hearing in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.The Fourier uncertainty principle states that a time-frequency tradeoff exists for sound signals, so that the shorter the duration of a sound, the larger the spread of different types of frequencies is required to represent the sound. Conversely, sounds with tight clusters of frequencies must have longer durations. The uncertainty principle limits the precision of the simultaneous measurement of the duration and frequency of a sound.To investigate human hearing in this context, the researchers turned to psychophysics, an area of study that uses various techniques to reveal how physical stimuli affect human sensation. Using physics, these techniques can establish tight bounds on the performance of the senses.An ear for precisionTo test how precisely humans can simultaneously measure the duration and frequency of a sound, the researchers asked 12 subjects to perform a series of listening tasks leading up to a final task. In the final task, the subjects were asked to discriminate simultaneously whether a test note was higher or lower in frequency than a leading note that was played before it, and whether the test note appeared before or after a third note, which was discernible due to its much higher frequency. When a subject correctly discriminated the frequency and timing of a note twice in a row, the difficulty level would increase so that both the difference in frequency between the notes and the time between the notes decreased. When a subject responded incorrectly, the variance would increase to make the task easier. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Explore further PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Play An example of the simultaneous time-frequency discrimination task for note-like notes Copyright 2013 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. Rewired visual input to sound-processing part of the brain leads to compromised hearing Play An example of the simultaneous time-frequency discrimination task for reversed note-like notes. All samples: Credit: Oppenheim and Magnasco The researchers think that this superior human listening ability is partly due to the spiral structure and nonlinearities in the cochlea. Previously, scientists have proven that linear systems cannot exceed the time-frequency uncertainty limit. Although most nonlinear systems do not perform any better, any system that exceeds the uncertainty limit must be nonlinear. For this reason, the nonlinearities in the cochlea are likely integral to the precision of human auditory processing. Since researchers have known for a long time about the cochlea’s nonlinearities, the current results are not quite as surprising as they would otherwise be.”It is and it is not [surprising],” Magnasco told Phys.org. “We were surprised, yet we expected this to happen. The thing is, mathematically the possibility existed all along. There’s a theorem that asserts uncertainty is only obeyed by linear operators (like the linear operators of quantum mechanics). Now there’s five decades of careful documentation of just how nastily nonlinear the cochlea is, but it is not evident how any of the cochlea’s nonlinearities contributes to enhancing time-frequency acuity. We now know our results imply that some of those nonlinearities have the purpose of sharpening acuity beyond the naïve linear limits.”We were still extremely surprised by how well our subjects did, and particularly surprised by the fact that the biggest gains appear to have been, by and large, in timing. You see, physicists tend to think hearing is spectrum. But spectrum is time-independent, and hearing is about rapid transients. We were just told, by the data, that our brains care a great deal about timing.” Play A famous excerpt from Casablanca with the characters Ilsa and Sam. Play An example of the simultaneous time-frequency discrimination task for Gaussian notes PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Play A reverse note-like note, characterized by a slow exponential rise and a rapid decay Play In a “surrogated” version, an identical copy of the spectrum is retained, but all phase information is destroyed, destroying all the timing information and rendering the time series statistically stationary. Play A note-like note, characterized by a rapid rise and a slow exponential decay Each dot represents a subject’s performance on Task 5 (simultaneously measuring the duration and frequency of a sound), with temporal acuity on the x-axis and frequency acuity on the y-axis. All dots within the black rectangle beat the Fourier uncertainty principle. Credit: Oppenheim and Magnasco ©2013 American Physical Society (a) In task 5, subjects are asked to discriminate simultaneously whether the test note (red) is higher or lower in frequency than the leading note (green), and whether the test note appears before or after the high note (blue). (b) Tasks 1 through 4 lead up to task 5: task 1 is frequency only, task 2 is timing only, task 3 is frequency only but with the high note (blue) as a distractor, and task 4 is timing only, but with the leading (green) note as a distractor. Credit: Oppenheim and Magnasco ©2013 American Physical Society Play In a “whitened” version, the spectrum is destroyed, but all phases are preserved, creating a time series which is spectrally perfectly white and statistically uncorrelated. The whitened version sounds like a bad-quality and noisier copy of the original, but everything is clearly recognizable. All samples: Credit: Oppenheim and Magnasco New sound modelsThe results have implications for how we understand the way that the brain processes sound, a question that has interested scientists for a long time. In the early 1970s, scientists found hints that human hearing could violate the uncertainty principle, but the scientific understanding and technical capabilities were not advanced enough to enable a thorough investigation. As a result, most of today’s sound analysis models are based on old theories that may now be revisited in order to capture the precision of human hearing.”In seminars, I like demonstrating how much information is conveyed in sound by playing the sound from the scene in Casablanca where Ilsa pleads, “Play it once, Sam,” Sam feigns ignorance, Ilsa insists,” Magnasco said. “You can recognize the text being spoken, but you can also recognize the volume of the utterance, the emotional stance of both speakers, the identity of the speakers including the speaker’s accent (Ingrid’s faint Swedish, though her character is Norwegian, which I am told Norwegians can distinguish; Sam’s AAVE [African American Vernacular English]), the distance to the speaker (Ilsa whispers but she’s closer, Sam loudly feigns ignorance but he’s in the back), the position of the speaker (in your house you know when someone’s calling you from another room, in which room they are!), the orientation of the speaker (looking at you or away from you), an impression of the room (large, small, carpeted).”The issue is that many fields, both basic and commercial, in sound analysis try to reconstruct only one of these, and for that they may use crude models of early hearing that transmit enough information for their purposes. But the problem is that when your analysis is a pipeline, whatever information is lost on a given stage can never be recovered later. So if you try to do very fancy analysis of, let’s say, vocal inflections of a lyric soprano, you just cannot do it with cruder models.”By ruling out many of the simpler models of auditory processing, the new results may help guide researchers to identify the true mechanism that underlies human auditory hyperacuity. Understanding this mechanism could have wide-ranging applications in areas such as speech recognition; sound analysis and processing; and radar, sonar, and radio astronomy.”You could use fancier methods in radar or sonar to try to analyze details beyond uncertainty, since you control the pinging waveform; in fact, bats do,” Magnasco said.Building on the current results, the researchers are now investigating how human hearing is more finely tuned toward natural sounds, and also studying the temporal factor in hearing.”Such increases in performance cannot occur in general without some assumptions,” Magnasco said. “For instance, if you’re testing accuracy vs. resolution, you need to assume all signals are well separated. We have indications that the hearing system is highly attuned to the sounds you actually hear in nature, as opposed to abstract time-series; this comes under the rubric of ‘ecological theories of perception’ in which you try to understand the space of natural objects being analyzed in an ecologically relevant setting, and has been hugely successful in vision. Many sounds in nature are produced by an abrupt transfer of energy followed by slow, damped decay, and hence have broken time-reversal symmetry. We just tested that subjects do much better in discriminating timing and frequency in the forward version than in the time-reversed version (manuscript submitted). Therefore the nervous system uses specific information on the physics of sound production to extract information from the sensory stream.”We are also studying with these same methods the notion of simultaneity of sounds. If we’re listening to a flute-piano piece, we will have a distinct perception if the flute ‘arrives late’ into a phrase and lags the piano, even though flute and piano produce extended sounds, much longer than the accuracy with which we perceive their alignment. In general, for many sounds we have a clear idea of one single ‘time’ associated to the sound, many times, in our minds, having to do with what action we would take to generate the sound ourselves (strike, blow, etc).” Citation: Human hearing beats the Fourier uncertainty principle (2013, February 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-human-fourier-uncertainty-principle.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
WebsiteWebsiteWebsite WebsiteWebsiteWebsite WebsiteWebsiteWebsite Linda and her son Johan Botha were spotted recently at the Ladysmith Blood Donor Clinic in the Pick ‘n Pay Centre to take advantage of a school initiative run by the blood bank.If a child brings their parent to donate blood, they receive a gift. With every donation of blood, you get a free mug.Also read: New nurse in Ladysmith wants your bloodAlso read: 335 blood donations and Mr Sid Cito is not done yetDonors also receive a glass of Powerade or Coca-Cola during their visit to the blood bank when donating blood. Seen with Linda and Johan in the photo are South African National Blood Service (SANBS) staff members Minthra Omapershad and Hessie Tredoux.Click to receive news links via WhatsApp. Or for the latest news, visit our webpage or follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Join us there!